Términos de intercambio, año base = 2000, 2020 - Clasificaciones:

El promedio para 2020 fue de 117.11 por ciento.El valor más alto fue en Nicaragua: 277.88 por ciento y el valor más bajo fue en Sierra Leona: 47.47 por ciento. A continuación se muestra una tabla de todos los países en los que se dispone de datos.

Medir: por ciento; Fuente: The United Nations
Elija indicador
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Términos de intercambio, 2020 Global rank Available data
Nicaragua 277.88 1 1980 - 2020
Haití 267.6 2 1980 - 2020
Guatemala 235.86 3 1980 - 2020
Chile 223.96 4 1980 - 2020
Sudán 207.59 5 1980 - 2020
Malí 207.54 6 1980 - 2020
Tanzanía 200.31 7 1987 - 2020
Australia 194.44 8 2000 - 2020
Burundi 191.66 9 1980 - 2020
Ghana 189.71 10 1980 - 2020
Uzbekistán 188.14 11 2000 - 2020
Liberia 186.51 12 1980 - 2020
Suriname 185.98 13 2000 - 2020
Perú 185.51 14 1980 - 2020
Nueva Caledonia 185.16 15 2000 - 2020
Afganistán 183.3 16 2000 - 2020
Rwanda 178.76 17 1980 - 2020
Mauritania 176.48 18 1980 - 2020
Papua Nu. Guin. 173.7 19 2000 - 2020
Mongolia 173 20 2000 - 2020
Zambia 172.4 21 1980 - 2020
Burkina Faso 171.5 22 1980 - 2020
Panamá 170.47 23 1980 - 2020
Níger 169.99 24 1980 - 2020
Congo, Rep. del 169.23 25 1980 - 2020
Honduras 167.95 26 1980 - 2020
Sudáfrica 165.35 27 1980 - 2020
Côte d'Ivoire 157.84 28 1980 - 2020
Guyana 154.59 29 2000 - 2020
Emir. Árab. Uni. 153.96 30 2000 - 2020
Malta 153.84 31 2000 - 2020
Kirguistán 152.26 32 2000 - 2020
Nueva Zelanda 152.17 33 2000 - 2020
Argentina 152.16 34 1980 - 2020
Egipto 150.93 35 1980 - 2020
Georgia 149.99 36 2000 - 2020
Siria 145.94 37 2000 - 2020
Venezuela 144.19 38 1980 - 2020
Armenia 139.8 39 2000 - 2020
Irán 137.46 40 2000 - 2020
Viet Nam 137.08 41 2000 - 2020
Namibia 134.11 42 1980 - 2020
Gabón 132.56 43 1980 - 2020
Etiopía 132.54 44 1981 - 2020
Kazajstán 131.76 45 2000 - 2020
Argelia 131.75 46 1980 - 2020
Bhután 127.79 47 2000 - 2020
Bahrein 127.31 48 2000 - 2020
Trinidad y Tobago 126.53 49 1980 - 2020
Yemen 126.53 50 2000 - 2020
Uruguay 126.27 51 1980 - 2020
Paraguay 125.6 52 1980 - 2020
Uganda 125.14 53 1982 - 2020
Camerún 124.78 54 1980 - 2020
Kiribati 124.04 55 2000 - 2020
Belice 124.01 56 2000 - 2020
Rusia 123.48 57 2000 - 2020
Mauricio 123.25 58 1980 - 2020
Benin 121.61 59 1980 - 2020
Líbano 121.42 60 2000 - 2020
Aruba 121.04 61 2000 - 2020
Zimbabwe 120.91 62 1980 - 2020
Rep. Dominicana 120.47 63 1980 - 2020
Togo 118.58 64 1980 - 2020
Sri Lanka 117.09 65 1980 - 2020
Colombia 116.27 66 1980 - 2020
Serbia 116 67 2000 - 2020
Brasil 115.62 68 1980 - 2020
Nigeria 115.48 69 1980 - 2020
Bulgaria 114.88 70 2000 - 2020
Ecuador 114.57 71 1980 - 2020
Senegal 114.32 72 1980 - 2020
Guinea 113.73 73 1986 - 2020
San Vicente & ... 113.64 74 2000 - 2020
Indonesia 113.44 75 1981 - 2020
Marruecos 113.44 76 1980 - 2020
Barbados 112.2 77 2000 - 2020
Islas Feroe 111.94 78 2000 - 2020
Santa Lucía 111.94 79 2000 - 2020
St. Tomé y Prínc. 111.4 80 1986 - 2020
Angola 111.11 81 1985 - 2020
Fiji 110.38 82 1980 - 2020
Dominica 110.06 83 2000 - 2020
Maldivas 109.96 84 2000 - 2020
Letonia 109.27 85 2000 - 2020
Cabo Verde 109.19 86 1980 - 2020
Romania 109.16 87 2000 - 2020
Gambia 109.01 88 1980 - 2020
Brunei 108.56 89 2000 - 2020
Guinea Ecuatorial 107.77 90 1985 - 2020
Italia 107.66 91 2000 - 2020
Malasia 107.41 92 1980 - 2020
Bosnia y Herz. 107.2 93 2000 - 2020
Hungría 107.1 94 2000 - 2020
Bolivia 107.01 95 1980 - 2020
Congo Democrát. 106.95 96 1980 - 2020
Israel 106.86 97 2000 - 2020
Tonga 106.79 98 2000 - 2020
Kenya 106.11 99 1980 - 2020
Laos 105.91 100 2000 - 2020
Eritrea 105.89 101 1992 - 2020
República Checa 105.61 102 2000 - 2020
Kuwait 105.42 103 2000 - 2020
India 105.1 104 1980 - 2020
Djibouti 104.95 105 2000 - 2020
Micronesia 104.7 106 2000 - 2020
Omán 104.66 107 2000 - 2020
Dinamarca 104.4 108 2000 - 2020
Vanuatu 103.97 109 2000 - 2020
Túnez 103.69 110 1980 - 2020
Tailandia 102.36 111 1980 - 2020
Palau 102.27 112 2000 - 2020
Alemania 101.81 113 2000 - 2020
Swazilandia 101.52 114 1980 - 2020
Costa Rica 101.26 115 1980 - 2020
Qatar 100.92 116 2000 - 2020
Polonia 100.72 117 2000 - 2020
Lituania 100.66 118 2000 - 2020
Estados Unidos 100 119 1980 - 2020
Canadá 99.67 120 2000 - 2020
Eslovenia 99.64 121 2000 - 2020
Estonia 98.41 122 2000 - 2020
El Salvador 98.2 123 1980 - 2020
Somalia 97.86 124 2000 - 2020
Granada 97.61 125 2000 - 2020
Hong Kong 97.52 126 1980 - 2020
Turquía 97.33 127 1980 - 2020
G.-Bissau 97.31 128 1980 - 2020
Malawi 97.28 129 1980 - 2020
Belarús 96.91 130 2000 - 2020
Bélgica 96.25 131 2000 - 2020
Iraq 96.14 132 2000 - 2020
Croacia 95.87 133 2000 - 2020
Rep. Eslovaca 95.73 134 2000 - 2020
Albania 95.61 135 2000 - 2020
Portugal 94.77 136 2000 - 2020
Macedonia 93.89 137 2000 - 2020
España 93.8 138 2000 - 2020
Chad 93.65 139 1980 - 2020
Países Bajos 93.54 140 2000 - 2020
Azerbaiyán 92.9 141 2000 - 2020
Tayikistán 92.72 142 2000 - 2020
Libia 92.19 143 1982 - 2020
Bermudas 92.05 144 2000 - 2020
Suecia 91.87 145 2000 - 2020
Irlanda 91.73 146 2000 - 2020
China 91.62 147 1980 - 2020
Reino Unido 91.15 148 2000 - 2020
México 90.6 149 1980 - 2020
Islas Salomón 90.21 150 1980 - 2020
Finlandia 89.64 151 2000 - 2020
Francia 89.59 152 2000 - 2020
Mozambique 89.56 153 1980 - 2020
Noruega 89.21 154 2000 - 2020
Ukraine 88.58 155 2000 - 2020
Nepal 87.81 156 2000 - 2020
Myanmar 86.86 157 1981 - 2020
Austria 86.66 158 2000 - 2020
Arabia Saudita 86.5 159 2000 - 2020
Turkmenistán 85.85 160 2000 - 2020
Grecia 85.65 161 2000 - 2020
Botswana 85.38 162 1980 - 2020
Macao 84.47 163 2000 - 2020
Samoa 84.29 164 2000 - 2020
Palestine 84.02 165 2000 - 2020
Jamaica 82.61 166 2000 - 2020
Chipre 82.1 167 2000 - 2020
Filipinas 82.02 168 1980 - 2020
Rep. de Moldova 81.49 169 2000 - 2020
Islandia 80.2 170 2000 - 2020
Singapur 79.91 171 1980 - 2020
Lesotho 78.64 172 1980 - 2020
Bahamas 77.62 173 2000 - 2020
Jordania 75.98 174 1980 - 2020
Seychelles 75.48 175 1985 - 2020
Antigua y Barbuda 75 176 2000 - 2020
Camboya 73.69 177 2000 - 2020
Corea del Norte 71.33 178 2000 - 2020
Japón 71 179 2000 - 2020
Comoras 70.71 180 1980 - 2020
Luxemburgo 70.34 181 2000 - 2020
Rep. Centroafric. 69.91 182 1980 - 2020
Bangladesh 68.33 183 1980 - 2020
Madagascar 63.78 184 1980 - 2020
Pakistán 56.62 185 1980 - 2020
Corea del Sur 56.05 186 1980 - 2020
Gibraltar 55.37 187 2000 - 2020
Sierra Leona 47.47 188 2000 - 2020


Economic outlook

Definición: Net barter terms of trade index is calculated as the percentage ratio of the export unit value indexes to the import unit value indexes, measured relative to the base year 2000. Unit value indexes are based on data reported by countries that demonstrate consistency under UNCTAD quality controls, supplemented by UNCTAD's estimates using the previous year’s trade values at the Standard International Trade Classification three-digit level as weights. To improve data coverage, especially for the latest periods, UNCTAD constructs a set of average prices indexes at the three-digit product classification of the Standard International Trade Classification revision 3 using UNCTAD’s Commodity Price Statistics, interna­tional and national sources, and UNCTAD secretariat estimates and calculates unit value indexes at the country level using the current year's trade values as weights.
277.88
267.60
235.86
223.96
207.59
207.54
200.31
194.44
191.66
189.71
188.14
186.51
185.98
185.51
185.16
183.30
178.76
176.48
173.70
173.00
172.40
171.50
170.47
169.99
169.23
167.95
165.35
157.84
154.59
153.96
153.84
152.26
152.17
152.16
150.93
149.99
145.94
144.19
139.80
137.46
137.08
134.11
132.56
132.54
131.76
131.75
127.79
127.31
126.53
126.53
126.27
125.60
125.14
124.78
124.04
124.01
123.48
123.25
121.61
121.42
121.04
120.91
120.47
118.58
117.09
116.27
116.00
115.62
115.48
114.88
114.57
114.32
113.73
113.64
113.44
113.44
112.20
111.94
111.94
111.40
111.11
110.38
110.06
109.96
109.27
109.19
109.16
109.01
108.56
107.77
107.66
107.41
107.20
107.10
107.01
106.95
106.86
106.79
106.11
105.91
105.89
105.61
105.42
105.10
104.95
104.70
104.66
104.40
103.97
103.69
102.36
102.27
101.81
101.52
101.26
100.92
100.72
100.66
100.00
99.67
99.64
98.41
98.20
97.86
97.61
97.52
97.33
97.31
97.28
96.91
96.25
96.14
95.87
95.73
95.61
94.77
93.89
93.80
93.65
93.54
92.90
92.72
92.19
92.05
91.87
91.73
91.62
91.15
90.60
90.21
89.64
89.59
89.56
89.21
88.58
87.81
86.86
86.66
86.50
85.85
85.65
85.38
84.47
84.29
84.02
82.61
82.10
82.02
81.49
80.20
79.91
78.64
77.62
75.98
75.48
75.00
73.69
71.33
71.00
70.71
70.34
69.91
68.33
63.78
56.62
56.05
55.37
47.47
0
69.5
138.9
208.4
277.88
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