Health outcomes by country

In 2015, the latest year with widely available data, the average life expectancy across countries was 71.87 years. The life expectancy refers to the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life. The country with the longest life expectancy was Hong Kong with 84.28 years while the shortest life expectancy was 51.41 years (Central African Republic). We observe a significant variation of life expectancy across continents:
  • Africa with 62.54 years
  • The Americas with 74.89 years
  • Asia with 73.37 years
  • Australia with 73.62 years
  • Europe with 78.73 years
The birth rate, defined as the number of live births occurring during the year per 1,000 people, was highest in Niger with 48.44 births. The death rate was highest in Bulgaria with 15.3 deaths per 1,000 people. For comparison, the average death rates in the world were significantly lower: 7.78 deaths.

The table below presents life expectancy, death rate, birth rate, fertility rate, HIV infections, and Tuberculosis cases across countries. The fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years. HIV infections refers to the percentage of people ages 15-49 who are infected with HIV while Tuberculosis cases are the estimated number of new and relapse tuberculosis cases arising in a given year per 100,000 people.

A second table further below shows the expenditure on health care in dollar terms and as percent of GDP for all countries.

Country Life expectancy Birth rate Death rate Fertility rate HIV infections Tuberculosis cases
Afghanistan 63.29 33.98 6.92 4.8 189
Albania 78.17 11.88 7.22 1.71 0.1 16
Algeria 75.86 23.9 4.77 2.84 0.1 74
Andorra 5.9
Angola 61.24 42.32 8.68 5.77 1.9 366
Ant.& Barb. 76.21 16.37 5.79 2.06 4.4
Argentina 76.42 17.36 7.57 2.31 0.4 25
Armenia 74.44 13.81 9.69 1.62 0.2 50
Aruba 75.72 10.96 8.62 1.8 13
Australia 82.4 12.8 6.6 1.81 0.1 6.1
Austria 81.19 9.8 9.6 1.49 0.1 7.5
Azerbaijan 71.92 17.2 5.7 1.94 0.1 71
Bahamas 75.53 14.42 6.26 1.78 2 18
Bahrain 76.76 15.11 2.35 2.06 0.1 15
Bangladesh 72.15 19.29 5.31 2.13 0.1 221
Barbados 75.75 11.99 10.66 1.8 1.5 0
Belarus 73.62 12.5 12.6 1.72 0.4 50
Belgium 80.99 10.8 9.8 1.7 9.5
Belize 70.19 22.74 5.52 2.54 1.8 25
Benin 60.64 37.43 9.32 5.05 1 60
Bermuda 81.01 9.4 7.4 1.62 0
Bhutan 69.82 18.46 6.04 2.09 153
Bolivia 68.76 23.55 7.35 2.92 0.3 117
Bosnia & Herz. 76.74 9.12 10.89 1.35 39
Botswana 65.85 24.14 7.02 2.77 23.1 356
Brazil 75.28 14.4 6.09 1.74 0.6 42
Brunei 77.05 16.14 3.51 1.88 58
Bulgaria 74.61 9.2 15.3 1.53 0.1 28
Burkina Faso 59.93 39.44 8.82 5.44 0.8 52
Burma 66.46 18 8.1 2.23 0.7 365
Burundi 57.09 42.66 11.03 5.78 1.1 122
Cambodia 68.62 23.68 6.11 2.59 0.6 368
Cameroon 57.58 36.84 10.35 4.78 3.9 212
Canada 82.13 10.8 7.5 1.6 5.2
Cape Verde 72.6 21.14 5.61 2.37 0.6 139
C.A. Republic 51.41 36.11 14.01 4.94 4.2 391
Chad 52.58 43.86 13.22 6.05 1.4 152
Chile 79.32 13.44 6.07 1.78 0.5 17
China 76.09 12.07 7.11 1.62 66
Colombia 74.2 15.48 5.94 1.87 0.5 31
Comoros 63.47 33.33 7.49 4.42 0.1 35
Costa Rica 79.63 14.52 4.88 1.8 0.4 11
Croatia 77.28 8.9 12.9 1.4 13
Cuba 79.57 10.97 7.9 1.72 0.4 7
Cyprus 80.34 10.98 6.84 1.35 0.1 6.2
Czech Rep. 78.58 10.5 10.5 1.57 0.1 5.5
DR Congo 59.21 42.81 10.19 6.2 0.8 324
Denmark 80.7 10.2 9.2 1.71 0.1 6.5
Djibouti 62.26 23.35 8.36 2.91 1.4 362
Dominica 11
Domin. Rep. 73.67 20.51 6.08 2.45 1 53
Ecuador 76.1 20.48 5.13 2.51 0.3 39
Egypt 71.3 27.2 5.96 3.31 0.1 15
El Salvador 73.27 18.69 6.69 2.1 0.6 49
Eq. Guinea 57.43 34.63 10.34 4.78 6.5 172
Eritrea 64.64 32.83 7.07 4.21 0.6 70
Estonia 77.59 10.6 11.6 1.58 0.6 18
Ethiopia 65.04 32.3 7 4.32 1 192
Faroe Isl. 81.99 12.4 7.7 2.4
Fiji 70.12 19.74 6.99 2.54 51
Finland 81.48 10.1 9.6 1.65 5.6
France 82.27 12 8.9 1.96 0.5 8.4
Gabon 65.68 30.09 7.82 3.85 4.3 537
Gambia 60.95 39.99 8.2 5.49 1.8 174
Georgia 73.1 13.8 13.25 2 0.4 99
Germany 80.64 9 11.3 1.5 0.2 8
Ghana 62.45 31.56 8.31 4.04 1.7 160
Greece 81.04 8.5 11.2 1.33 0.2 4.5
Grenada 73.53 18.95 7.13 2.13 5.4
Guatemala 73.15 25.63 4.86 3.03 0.5 26
Guinea 59.42 36.36 9.58 4.93 1.6 177
G.-Bissau 57 37.15 10.78 4.71 3.6 373
Guyana 66.54 20.73 8.16 2.53 1.7 93
Haiti 63.06 24.55 8.65 2.97 1.9 194
Honduras 73.38 22.04 4.81 2.51 0.4 41
Hong Kong 84.28 8.2 6.3 1.2 71
Hungary 75.57 9.4 13.4 1.45 0.1 10
Iceland 82.47 12.5 6.6 1.8 2.4
India 68.3 19.27 7.3 2.35 0.2 217
Indonesia 69.03 19.35 7.1 2.39 0.4 325
Iran 75.73 17.1 4.55 1.69 0.1 16
Iraq 69.67 33.63 5.1 4.43 43
Ireland 81.45 14.1 6.5 1.92 0.2 7.2
Israel 82.05 21.3 5.3 3.09 4
Italy 82.54 8 10.7 1.35 0.2 6.7
Ivory Coast 53.05 37.1 12.54 4.98 2.9 159
Jamaica 75.84 16.81 6.93 2.03 1.8 4.5
Japan 83.79 8 10.3 1.45 0.1 16
Jordan 74.18 27.04 3.83 3.44 5.8
Kazakhstan 72 22.66 7.48 2.73 0.2 80
Kenya 66.69 31.78 5.84 3.92 5.1 380
Kiribati 66.13 28.55 7.01 3.69 552
Kuwait 74.58 16.87 2.68 1.99 0.1 22
Kyrgyzstan 70.65 27.4 5.8 3.2 0.2 144
Laos 66.33 24.32 6.75 2.76 0.3 182
Latvia 74.48 11.1 14.4 1.7 40
Lebanon 79.41 15.38 4.59 1.72 0.1 13
Lesotho 53.74 28.16 12.92 3.14 23.8 788
Liberia 62.01 34.72 8.12 4.65 1.5 308
Libya 71.78 20.19 5.2 2.31 40
Liechtenstein 82.66 8.7 6.7 1.4
Lithuania 74.32 10.8 14.4 1.7 0.1 55
Luxembourg 82.29 10.7 7 1.47 0.2 6.1
Macao 83.7 11.99 3.75 1.28 71
Macedonia 75.55 11.3 9.74 1.52 0.1 17
Madagascar 65.54 33.4 6.47 4.24 0.2 236
Malawi 62.66 37.05 7.5 4.65 10.1 193
Malaysia 75.14 17.09 4.86 2.06 0.4 88
Maldives 77.04 18.81 3.38 2.13 46
Mali 57.48 43.22 10.67 6.14 1.3 57
Malta 81.8 10 8 1.45 8.6
Mauritania 63.08 34.57 7.96 4.74 0.4 107
Mauritius 74.35 10.1 7.7 1.36 13
Mexico 76.93 18.51 4.82 2.21 0.3 21
Micronesia 69.08 23.64 6.22 3.19 124
Moldova 71.47 10.52 11.42 1.25 0.5 102
Monaco 8.1 7.6 0
Mongolia 69.09 24.71 6.31 2.79 0.1 428
Montenegro 76.94 11.52 9.8 1.68 0.1 15
Morocco 75.57 20.4 5.14 2.53 0.1 101
Mozambique 57.71 39.36 10.38 5.3 12.9 551
Namibia 63.78 29.59 7.45 3.47 12.5 495
Nepal 69.89 19.97 6.33 2.16 0.2 156
Netherlands 81.51 10.1 8.7 1.66 0.2 5.8
N. Caledonia 77.24 15.4 5.4 2.06 24
New Zealand 81.46 13.27 6.87 1.99 0.1 7.3
Nicaragua 75.15 19.92 4.77 2.23 0.2 51
Niger 59.67 48.44 9.94 7.29 0.4 95
Nigeria 52.99 39.37 12.77 5.59 2.9 219
North Korea 71.46 13.87 8.75 1.92 513
Norway 82.3 11.3 7.8 1.72 0.1 6.3
Oman 76.8 19.59 2.57 2.74 9
Pakistan 66.32 28.73 7.34 3.55 0.1 270
Palau 13.7 7.7 2.21 76
Palestine 73.3 32.13 3.51 4.07 1.1
Panama 77.81 19.85 4.99 2.54 0.9 52
Papua N.G. 65.38 27.93 7.13 3.71 0.9 432
Paraguay 73.02 21.15 5.68 2.51 0.5 41
Peru 74.75 19.61 5.64 2.43 0.3 119
Philippines 68.95 23.45 6.5 2.96 0.1 550
Poland 77.45 9.7 10.4 1.32 19
Portugal 81.12 8.3 10.5 1.31 0.6 23
Puerto Rico 79.6 9 8.08 1.34 1.6
Qatar 78.04 10.31 1.51 1.93 0.1 25
R. of Congo 64.11 35.23 7.56 4.72 3.2 379
Romania 75.01 10 13.2 1.58 0.1 82
Russia 71.17 13.3 13 1.75 1 67
Rwanda 66.7 31.79 6.13 3.97 2.8 59
Saint Lucia 75.3 12.24 7.47 1.47 9.1
St. Vincent & ... 73.06 15.77 7.11 1.95 7.4
Samoa 74.77 25.12 4.98 4.03 11
San Marino 8.2 7.1 0
S.T.&Principe 66.49 34.33 6.81 4.52 159
Saudi Arabia 74.4 19.92 3.54 2.58 12
Senegal 66.78 36.21 6.07 4.84 0.5 130
Serbia 75.29 9.3 14.6 1.46 0.1 21
Seychelles 74.3 17 7.5 2.41 9.8
Sierra Leone 51.42 35.61 13.03 4.56 1.4 307
Singapore 82.74 9.7 4.8 1.24 0.2 45
Slovakia 76.56 10.3 9.9 1.4 0.1 6.5
Slovenia 80.78 10 9.6 1.57 0.1 7.2
Solomon Isl. 70.43 29.27 4.85 3.91 89
Somalia 55.88 43.66 11.63 6.36 0.1 274
South Africa 61.98 21.3 10.1 2.48 18.8 759
South Korea 82.02 8.6 5.4 1.24 79
Spain 82.83 9 9.1 1.33 0.4 10
Sri Lanka 75.09 15.6 6.81 2.06 0.1 65
Sudan 64.26 33.31 7.52 4.59 0.2 88
Suriname 71.28 18.45 7.25 2.4 1.3 33
Swaziland 57.11 29.27 9.86 3.14 28.3 404
Sweden 82.2 11.7 9.3 1.85 9.2
Switzerland 82.9 10.5 8.2 1.54 7.3
Syria 69.9 22.16 5.59 2.97 19
Tajikistan 70.88 29.34 5.19 3.4 0.2 86
Tanzania 64.95 38.64 7.01 5.08 4.7 306
Thailand 75.1 10.58 7.75 1.5 1.2 163
Togo 59.95 34.53 8.83 4.52 2.3 52
Tonga 72.88 24.41 6.02 3.68 15
Tr.&Tobago 70.56 13.96 9.49 1.77 1.2 17
Tunisia 75.53 18.65 6.36 2.22 0.1 38
Turkey 75.5 16.53 5.81 2.07 18
Turkmenistan 67.7 26.01 7.1 2.93 49
Tuvalu 209
Uganda 59.58 42.63 8.87 5.68 6.3 202
Ukraine 71.19 10.7 14.9 1.51 0.9 91
UA Emirates 77.1 9.89 1.55 1.76 0.79
UK 80.96 11.9 9.2 1.8 10
Uruguay 77.34 14.14 9.35 2.01 0.6 30
USA 78.69 12.4 8.44 1.84 3.3
Uzbekistan 71.19 23.5 4.9 2.49 0.2 79
Vanuatu 71.93 26.17 4.78 3.31 63
Venezuela 74.37 19.33 5.57 2.34 29
Vietnam 76.05 16.92 5.81 1.96 0.4 137
Yemen 64.74 32.22 6.54 4.1 48
Zambia 61.4 38.44 8 5.04 12 391
Zimbabwe 60.4 33.94 8.4 3.84 14 242


Health spending by country

The average health spending per capita in the world for 2015 was 1034.37 USD. The largest amount spent on health per capita in a single economy was 9807.8 USD in Switzerland while the least spent was 14.39 USD (Burundi).

In terms of health spending as percent of GDP, the highest value was recorded in Sierra Leone with 20.41 percent while Monaco spends only 2.03 percent of its GDP on health.
Country Health spending per capita Health spending as percent of GDP
Afghanistan 60.09 10.09
Albania 264.43 6.82
Algeria 290.5 6.98
Andorra 3698.12 10.26
Angola 108.68 2.95
Ant.& Barb. 644.14 4.72
Argentina 1298.68 8.74
Armenia 366.05 10.12
Australia 4887.79 9.33
Austria 4603.03 10.34
Azerbaijan 377.43 6.84
Bahamas 1739.75 5.99
Bahrain 1128.76 4.98
Bangladesh 31.84 2.46
Barbados 1158.44 7.01
Belarus 360.98 6.07
Belgium 4092.15 10.11
Belize 291.27 5.88
Benin 31.29 3.99
Bhutan 91.11 3.66
Bolivia 197.62 6.42
Bosnia & Herz. 428.54 9.35
Botswana 389.37 5.97
Brazil 1003 11.46
Brunei 739.23 2.39
Bulgaria 572.04 8.2
Burkina Faso 33.51 5.83
Burma 61.99 5.19
Burundi 14.39 4.88
Cambodia 72.05 6.17
Cameroon 63.63 4.7
Canada 4501.69 10.38
Cape Verde 159.22 5.31
C.A. Republic 21.98 6.31
Chad 35.52 4.55
Chile 1140.13 8.3
China 392.85 4.89
Colombia 364.04 6.02
Comoros 58.24 7.68
Costa Rica 885.9 7.78
Croatia 838.44 7.15
Cuba 972.73 12.78
Cyprus 1581.64 6.81
Czech Rep. 1284.05 7.24
DR Congo 20.11 3.99
Denmark 5469.33 10.27
Djibouti 81.73 4.39
Dominica 399.05 5.46
Domin. Rep. 390.95 6.04
Ecuador 528.2 8.59
Egypt 156.64 4.62
El Salvador 283.28 6.86
Eq. Guinea 280.22 2.71
Eritrea 27.18 2.97
Estonia 1112.47 6.48
Ethiopia 25.11 3.98
Fiji 174.5 3.57
Finland 4131.51 9.74
France 4211.68 11.5
Gabon 197.94 2.66
Gambia 21.85 4.76
Georgia 280.91 7.93
Germany 4605.88 11.08
Ghana 82.41 6.09
Greece 1475.71 8.19
Grenada 453.97 4.86
Guatemala 216.42 5.52
Guinea 42.25 5.83
G.-Bissau 38.14 6.52
Guyana 184.45 4.45
Haiti 41.91 5.37
Honduras 180.61 7.71
Hungary 887.81 7.12
Iceland 4281.58 8.35
India 58.97 3.6
Indonesia 100.22 3.01
Iran 375.13 7.76
Iraq 154.48 3.11
Ireland 4626.16 7.45
Israel 2735.32 7.38
Italy 2708.93 8.99
Ivory Coast 75.45 5.26
Jamaica 279.52 5.66
Japan 3733.67 10.87
Jordan 257.42 6.28
Kazakhstan 320.74 3.09
Kenya 66.02 4.89
Kiribati 117.96 7.84
Kuwait 1168.83 4.01
Kyrgyzstan 82.2 7.22
Laos 52.99 2.45
Latvia 775.55 5.71
Lebanon 661.48 7.83
Lesotho 97.47 8.35
Liberia 71.94 10.19
Lithuania 920.19 6.48
Luxembourg 6353.28 6.19
Macedonia 307.48 6.35
Madagascar 22.13 5.5
Malawi 34 9.33
Malaysia 376.06 3.9
Maldives 852.15 8.9
Mali 30.83 4.11
Malta 2249.91 9.36
Mauritania 53.61 4.64
Mauritius 529.16 5.79
Mexico 525.19 5.65
Micronesia 368.02 12.2
Moldova 186.44 10.18
Monaco 3315.45 2.03
Mongolia 153.24 3.88
Morocco 157.36 5.41
Mozambique 27.38 5.18
Namibia 466.11 9.86
Nepal 45.14 6.22
Netherlands 4662.17 10.39
New Zealand 3582.27 9.31
Nicaragua 165.91 7.92
Niger 25.72 7.09
Nigeria 97.52 3.57
Norway 7565.55 10.11
Oman 706.37 4.31
Pakistan 37.89 2.69
Palau 1471.45 10.51
Panama 929.8 6.79
Papua N.G. 72.71 2.51
Paraguay 321.34 7.82
Peru 314.01 5.12
Philippines 124.38 4.32
Poland 796.74 6.34
Portugal 1724.53 8.97
Qatar 2056.46 3.1
R. of Congo 58.45 3.42
Romania 442.37 4.94
Russia 501.85 5.28
Rwanda 46.4 6.52
Saint Lucia 493.56 5.39
St. Vincent & ... 241.92 3.51
Samoa 222.9 5.67
San Marino 3145.59 6.81
S.T.&Principe 86.91 5.35
Saudi Arabia 1243.63 6
Senegal 50.96 5.59
Serbia 491.25 9.41
Seychelles 491.97 3.35
Sierra Leone 119.82 20.41
Singapore 2301.54 4.19
Slovakia 1108.43 6.87
Slovenia 1775.15 8.5
Solomon Isl. 103.16 5.25
South Africa 470.8 8.2
South Korea 1926.61 7.05
Spain 2351.8 9.12
Sri Lanka 151.37 3.89
Sudan 158.02 6.8
Suriname 585.05 6.71
Swaziland 231.42 7.77
Sweden 5623.21 11.01
Switzerland 9807.8 11.89
Tajikistan 62.96 6.85
Tanzania 32.09 3.79
Thailand 214.38 3.67
Togo 35.21 6.25
Tonga 180.91 4.67
Tr.&Tobago 1115.52 6.22
Tunisia 268.22 7.01
Turkey 454.61 4.14
Turkmenistan 405.13 6.3
Tuvalu 453.07 14.11
Uganda 39.77 6.33
Ukraine 141.8 6.96
UA Emirates 1401.97 3.59
UK 4355.7 9.79
Uruguay 1398.52 9.01
USA 9524.35 16.82
Uzbekistan 131.5 6.1
Vanuatu 119.24 4.15
Venezuela 1578.44 5.13
Vietnam 116.74 5.65
Yemen 72.04 5.6
Zambia 58.52 4.44
Zimbabwe 94.29 9.26
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